General information about Lucca
Lucca, one of the most famous Italian cities, located on the left-hand bank of the river Serchio. Rarely has a city identified itself so closely with its ring of walls as Lucca has done, especially as its monumental defences were never taken by siege!
Lucca was founded by the Etruscans (there are traces of a pre-existing Ligurian settlement) and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. The rectangular grid of its historical center preserves the Roman street plan, and the Piazza San Michele occupies the site of the ancient forum. Traces of the amphitheatre can still be seen in the Piazza dell’Anfiteatro. Lucca was the site of a conference in 56 BC which reaffirmed the superiority of the Roman First Triumvirate.
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